In recent weeks, the running community nationwide has been shocked by the slayings of three avid female runners -- all of whom were partaking in their daily training in broad daylight.
July 30: Alexandra Brueger, a nurse in Detroit, was shot and killed during a 10-mile run on a dirt trail
Aug. 2: Karina Vetrano was raped and killed while running on a trail in a Queens, New York, park.
Aug. 7: New York City resident Vanessa Marcotte was found dead, burned and possibly sexually assaulted after not returning from a run in her parents hometown of Princeton, Massachusetts.
As Gabriel Paiella wrote in New York Magazine, "These murders are notable because they've shattered the perception that this particular violent crime only takes place under certain circumstances, which was always a subtle way of suggesting that the victims were somehow complicit in their own attacks."
In other words, despite following all the common-sense precautions -- not being out late at night, not being provocatively attired, not being distracted by headphones, etc. -- tragically, these women were violently victimized anyway.
These incidents have served as a reminder for local female runners how vigilant they need to be.
"I definitely have a healthy fear, so I try to trust my intuition when I am somewhere that potentially is unsafe," said Melissa Perlman, an avid runner and assistant track and cross-country coach at Spanish River High in Boca Raton, Florida.
She said she tries to run in groups when possible but advises those who exercise alone to "inform someone (friend, spouse, neighbor, roommate) of the route you are following and your expected return time."
At Fleet Street Sports in Delray Beach, Florida, husband-and-wife owners Nick and Mackenzie Stump counsel their customers about some of the best strategies and products to ensure their safety.
"Running safety, for me, is about communication," Mackenzie said. "It's important to unwind when you run, but a wave, a smile, the runner's nod and a 'hi' make you a familiar face that people look for on your routes."
"We are all about the buddy system for both training and group runs," Nick said. "But when you can't be with a partner or group, awareness is the most important aspect of running safely."
Among the safety gear that the Stumps recommend for all runners:
Mini-clip strobe lights for nighttime visibility
High-visibility running vest for nighttime reflectivity for others to see you
Handheld flashlight with siren
Handheld pepper spray
Waist belt to easily carry cellphone and other emergency gear
In addition, safety experts recommend downloading a free safety app such as bSafe to your cellphone. With the bSafe app, you can activate an audible alarm that immediately starts broadcasting to your contacts video captured by your phone, as well as your GPS location. This data is continually collected, updated and recorded and can be shared with the authorities if the need arises.
Whitney Cherner, of Lake Worth, Florida, told the Palm Beach Post about the frustration that many female runners feel in needing to take precautions that male counterparts rarely, if ever, think about: "As a woman, it makes me angry that I have to think about safety so much when I run. I want to just go out and enjoy my run. But as a mother of four, I value my safety even more because I have to be there for my kids ... Now if I get a weird feeling in my gut about a white van passing by me too many times, I turn around and run home."
SAFETY TIPS FOR FEMALE RUNNERS
Avoid running alone in the dark
If running in the dark, stay on populated, well-lit streets
Be sure someone (friend, relative, spouse) knows your intended route and when you should return